The second largest city of the land of kings (Rajasthan), The district of Jodhpur was known as the ancient kingdom of Marwar, the largest kingdom in Rajputana and the third largest of the Indian Kingdoms, after Kashmir and Hyderabad. Jodhpur, the former capital of Marwar state was founded in 1459 by Rao Jodhaji chief of the Rathore clan of Rajputs. The city is known as the Sun City for the bright, sunny weather it enjoys all year. It is also referred to as the Blue City due to the blue-painted houses around the Mehrangarh Fort., the land of golden glittering sand, the vast stretches of rocks are a heaven and know for its rich and cultural heritage. Jodhpur is situated at the edge of the Thar Desert in Rajasthan with Jaisalmer on its west, Barmar, Jalor and Pali on its south, Bikaner on its north, and Nagaur on the eastern side
One of the most formidable and impregnable forts in India, the majestic Mehrangarh Fort is located on a steep 125meter hill. Standing as a mute witness to the splendors of an era replete with chivalry, glory and grandeur, the fort contains within its area some of the most beautiful palaces with wonderfully carved panels, latticed windows and evocative names. Noteworthy of these are the Phool Mahal, the Moti Mahal, the Sheesh Mahal, the Daulat Khana and the Sileh Khana. You have to cross seven gates in order to enter the fort. Finely carved out of sandstone the fort bears the marks of many a siege.
UMAID BHAWAN PALACE
Umaid Bhawan Palace, another major landmark of Jodhpur dominates the southeast horizon of the city. Commissioned by Maharaja Umaid Singh in 1929 as a famine relief scheme, the spectacular palace was built by three thousand workers and took sixteen years to complete. Characterized by a helmet-shaped dome, its pink sandstone walls and massive architecture remind the Rashtrapati Bhavan, official residence of the President of India, in New Delhi. It is pertinent to note that Henry Lanchester, Umaid Bhawan"s chief architect, was an avid admirer of Sir Edwin Lutyens, designer of the Presidential Palace.
The 19th century royal cenotaph of Jaswant Thanda is located north of the Meherangarh Fort. The memorial is made of white marble and dedicated to Jaswant Singh II (1878-95), one of the most popular and wise rulers of the Jodhpur principality. He is credited to have purged Jodhpur of robbers and started many welfare schemes including an introduction of an efficient irrigation system. His initiatives resulted in the noticeable improvement in economy. The cenotaphs of other members of the royal family who have died since Jaswant are close by his memorial; those who preceded him are remembered by chhatris at Mandor. You can also photograph the Meherangarh fort from this place.
The beautiful lake is situated 7kms away from city. It is a picturesque artificial lake, a public park and bird sanctuary. Balsamand Lake is a lake situated 5 km from Jodhpur on Jodhpur-Mandore Road. The lake is the a popular picnic spot. This artificial lake was built in 1159 AD by Balak Rao Parihar. It was a water reservoir to provide water to Mandore. The lake has a length of one kilometre, breadth of 50 metres and a depth of 15 meters.
This festival of joyheld annually, brings to life the Rajasthani folk songs, myths, legends and folklore of the area